1. Appointed times Leviticus 23: 2
- Jewish calendar works on a lunar calendar
- First slimmer of a moon is the first of the month
- The full moon is the middle
- The last sliver is the end of the month.
- God appointed times in which we will meet with God in these festivals
- All of them are shadows of the Messiah
- Colossians 2: 17 These are a shadow of the things that were to come, the reality however is found in Messiah.
- Let no one pass judgement on you because you are keeping the festivals, the new moons and the Sabbath.
2. The Sabbath 23: 3
- Day of rest as God did after creation.
- God was not tired, but he did this in a symbolic way.
- Sabbath’s are a sign that you are holy people Exodus 20: 12
- The Sabbath symbolizes the kingdom of heaven. Hebrews 4
- Six thousand years then a millennial reign of Jesus
- Psalm 90: 4 a day is like a thousand years.
- Experience a taste of this in Matthew 11: 28 Come unto me all who are weary and I will give you rest.
- Jesus demonstrating the kingdom on the sabbath.
- Do we keep it?
- Apostles met on the first day of the week Acts 20: 7
- Paul’s instructions of giving not he first day of the week. 1 Corinthians 16: 2
- Yet when ministering to Jewish people, Paul kept the sabbath
- Acts 13: 44 on the sabbath he whole community came together to hear the word of God
- Acts 18: 4 he reasoned in the synagogue every sabbath and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
- James tells Paul that many people love Jesus but are zealous for the law Acts 21: 20
2. Passover 23: 5
- This begins the cycle of annual feasts
- This is one of the three festivals that all Israel is suppose to come to.
- This creates their identity.
- 2 Kings 23: 22 Passover was not kept since the days of the judges. about 400 years.
- Jesus slain at the time of the time of the killing of the passover lamb. (Appointed times)
- Book of Peshim 5: 1 lamb sacrificed at ninth hour or mid afternoon
- Mark 15: 34 – 38 Jesus slain at the ninth hour.
3. Feast of Unleavened Bread Vs 6
- Begins on the fifteenth day or six at night.
- Eat the Passover lamb that night.
- Did Jesus eat a seder meal?
- 30 CE Caiaphas and the Sadduceean priest took control of the Sanhedrin. They ran calendar a day later than the normal jewish calendar. by starting the moon a day later, they moved the passover to a day later than had been moved before.
- Some Pharisees refused to bow to the Sadducees of the Sanhedrin and celebrated on the normal day which would have been the Thursday evening.
- Jesus celebrated this festival on that day while the Saducees celebrated the next day.
- The whole festival they are to eat unleavened bread. Leven being corruptible
- Also known as the feast of Incorruptability
- Jesus body would not undergo corruption
4. The Omer Vs 10
- Priest offer the chief of the first fruits of the barley harvest in the Temple on the day after the sabbath
- They shall wave it before the Lord on the first day of the week Vs 11
- As the priest were waving it the women were going to the empty tomb.
- What about the dispute? On this year the Pharisees and Sadducees agreed that the Nissan 16 fell on the same day. Jesus rose on the only day that they both agreed ever.
- This starts the 50 day countdown to Passover.
5. Counting of the Omer. Vs 16
- Jesus rose from he dead on the first day of the counting of the Omer
- The Holy spirit was poured out on the last day of the counting of the Omer.
- 50 days are the journey from the Red Sea to Mount Sinai.
- All of Jesus post resurrection appearances were during the counting of the Omer.
- He ascended on the 40 day of the counting
- Told the disciples to tarry in Jerusalem for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit.
1. Giving of the law and the writing of the law on our hearts