1. Bitter Water Exodus 15: 25
    1. They were still bitter and everything tasted bitter
    2. And they made their lives bitter with hard labor… Exodus 1: 14
    3. They were free from Pharaoh, but they have not escaped their own bitterness.
    4. The Lord instructed Moses regarding a tree.
    5. Jewish rabbi’s believe that the tree was bitter that was thrown into the water.
    6. This prophetically speaks of the bitterness of the cross which ends the bitterness of death.
  2. Bread from heaven Exodus16: 4
    1. Jesus did greater works than Moses.
    2. He fulfilled this when he fed 5000 men with five loaves and two fish.
    3. The people wanted this daily.
    4. Jesus pointed them to spiritual nourishment.
      1. John 6: 32 – 33, 35
    5. Paul understood that the spiritual food was Christ.  1 Corinthians 10: 3
    6. Double portion given to sustain people through the Sabbath
      1. Come to me and I will give you rest.  Matthew 11: 28
      2. So there remains a Sabbath rest for the people of God.  Hebrews 4: 8
    7. Manna was needed everyday so we need to turn to God for His reliance everyday.
    8. A sample of this is put in the Ark for all generations.
      1. Manna represents the prophetic gift.
        1. Man does not live on bread alone, but by every word that proceeds from he mouth of God.  Deuteronomy 8: 3
        2. I am the bread that came out of heaven.  John 6: 41
      2. Rod was also in the Ark which was the priest symbolism.
        1. Jesus became our Priest at the Resurrection.
      3. Law was put in the Ark
        1. God will rule by his word as king.
    9. Manna disappeared after 24 hours, so how could this manna stay forever?
    10. In the Ark –  it represented imperishable eternal life
      1. He who has an ear let him hear what the Spirit says tot he churches.  To him who overcomes, to him I will give some of the hidden manna.  Revelation 2: 17
  3. Water from the Rock Exodus 17: 6
    1. They all drank the same spiritual drink for they were drinking from a spiritual rock which followed them and the rock was Messiah.  1 Corinthians 10: 3, 4
    2. If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink.  He who believes in Me, as the Scripture said From (Messiah’s) innermost being will flow rivers of living water.  John 7: 37, 38
    3. He who believes in Me will never thirst.  John 6: 35
    4. If Rock was Christ, this is why Moses was rebuked so severely when he struck the Rock a second time.
    5. Rock followed them?
    6. Miriam dies and they run out of water.  Numbers 20
      1. These events are 40 years apart and there is no mention of any water shortage between hem.
      2. Scribes believe that there is a link between Miriam and the water just as Mary (Miriam) brought forth the living water.
    7. When Aaron died the cloud disappeared and when Moses died the manna ceased.
  4. Hands Raised Exodus 17: 12
    1. Amalekites attacked Israel.
    2. Moses strategy for defeating them was to stand on a hill and lift his arms.
    3. His arms grew heaven and another stood on each side and lifted them for Him
      1. Three people on a hill that bring victory.
    4. Joshua who means Jesus prevailed over the enemy through the cross.
    5. Moses raising his staff was raising a new which is a standard or ensign.
    6. Moses called the place HaShem-Nisi which means the LORD is my ensign.
    7. Isaiah states that one day Messiah will be an ensign for the nations signaling the ingathering of Israel from the four corners of the earth.  Isaiah 11: 10 – 12
  5. Sinai and Pentecost
    1. Pentecost is not just a New Testament celebration.
    2. Many believe that the giving of the Holy Spirit and the giving of the Torah were on the same day.
    3. Israel camped in front of the mountain
      1. Word for camped is singular so they camp in front of the mountain
      2. When the day of Pentecost came they were all with one accord in one place.
    4. They were going to receive the Torah or Covenant between man and God
      1. God did not just want to deliver the people, but to bring them into covenant with Himself.
      2. This is the setting aside of the people of Israel
        1. God gave them the Torah so they are blessed.  Romans 3: 2
      3. People will be called to obey the covenant
        1. They broke it with the golden calf.  Jeremiah 31: 32
        2. Now God will put the law in their hearts and reprogram us to be able to obey.  Jeremiah 31: 33
      4. God is going to come and speak with Moses directly so the people will believe in him.  Exodus 19: 9
        1. So there is no doubt that Moses just went up the mountain and wrote these himself.
      5. Prepare yourselves for God is going to move on the third day. Exodus 19: 16
      6. Moses brought the people out to meet God.  Exodus 19: 17
        1. Like a bridegroom in a wedding.
      7. God did miracles at the giving of the law
        1. All the people stood.  19: 7
        2. All the people saw.  20: 18
        3. All the people heard.  Exodus 24: 7
      8. The sound of the trumpet grew louder and louder. 19: 19
        1. The last trumpet will sound at the resurrection (1 Corinthians 15: 52) the first trumpet is here.
        2. First trumpet God came down to Sinai
        3. The last trumpet He is coming in the clouds and every eye will see him.  Revelation 1: 7
        4. God came to Sinai with myriads of angels.  Psalm 68: 17, 18
        5. When he returns, he will be coming with the angels.  Matthew 16: 27
      9. People saw the fire, trumpet, cloud and lightening flashes. 15 – 18
        1. Seventy languages spoken and sparks cam upon the people.