Genesis 14 a battle happens between the five kings of Sodom and four kings of the Ammorites
They defeat Sodom and carry Lot away as captive.
Abram goes agains them with 318 people and defeats an army that five kings could not conquer.
Our story picks up with the return from this attack.
- Melchizedek king of Salem 14: 18
- He is a local chief who comes out to give Abram provisions.
- We don’t know a lot about him
- He ruled Salem
- He worshipped God Most Hight
- He blessed Abram
- He receive tribute from Abram.
- His name means King of Righteousness.
- Name alone ties him to the Messiah
- Jeremiah 23: 5 Behold the days are coming…when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; and He will reign as king and act wisely and do justice and righteousness in the land.
- Melchizedek may not be his name but they may call him that because he is known as a king of righteousness.
- Hebrews compares the Messiah to Melchizedek but it does not call him the Messiah.
- He was a real king over the city of Salem
- Salem is the ancient name for Jerusalem. (Psalm 76: 2, 3 equates Salem and Zion “His tabernacle is in Salem; His dwelling place also is in Zion.
- King of Salem could also read king of peace.
2. Melchizedek and the Kingdom.
- Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine.
- Imagery of the final banquet after the battles of this life are over
- The king of peace came out and set up a table of bread and wine before Abram and his men.
- We see this as Jesus served bread and wine at the last supper with his disciples
3. Melchizedek the Priest
1. He was a priest of God Most High
- He was able to bless Abram because of his role as priest.
- He is quoted as being a priest in the order of Melchizedek forever (Psalm 110: 4)
- Hebrews 7: 3 states that he had no mother or father, genealogy, or beginning and end of days. So is he Jesus?
2. He really was a king of Salem which would mean government over a Jebusite city.
3. He was made like the son of God (Hebrews 7: 3) not the son of God.
4. Melchizedek has no genealogy, but Jesus is from the tribe of Judah. (Hebrews 7: 14)
5. Melchizedek is showing the order of the priesthood for Jesus
1. The priesthood had to come from the tribe of Levi
2. Jesus came from an order like Melchizedek (Hebrews 7: 14 – 16)
3. This is how we can reconcile that the Messiah must be priest and king (Zechariah 6: 11 – 13)
4. Kings come from David and Priests come from Levi, unless a priest comes in the order of Melchizedek. How was a priest and a king just like Jesus.
5. Aaron is a priest of the earthly temple, but Jesus is a priest of the heavenly temple.
4. The Anti Melchizedek Genesis 14: 21
- King of Sodom is a type of the antichrist.
- Give the souls to me and take the goods for yourself.
- You can have the world, but I want the people.
- We can get so consumed with this world and what it offers we forget about the people
5. Contrast of kingdoms in this age and the one to come.
- Ruling in peace
- offering Abraham bread and wine
- receiving a tithe from Abram
- Wicked ruler
- Maker of war
- Wheeling and dealing for souls
- Trying to bribe Abraham into surrendering the people he has set free.
- Abram refused to accept anything from the King of Sodom. but he gave a tenth of all he had to the king of Jerusalem.
6. I am your shield 15: 1
- After the battle, Abraham had another encounter with God
- Promises true as they are waiting for fulfillment?
- After an incredible encounter with a huge military win and meeting Melchizedek what next
- Did he do something wrong that all promises coming true but this one of having a son.
- Shield is already the promise of a son because it could also read “I am shields for your offspring”
- Also I am your great reward.
- A very great reward is the promise of the Messiah.
- I have no heir Vs 4
- From your own body will come an heir.
- This is not just Isaac, but also the Messiah
- You children sill be as the stars of the sky Vs 5
- Dust 13: 16
- Stars 15: 5
- Sand of seashore 22: 17
- fire makes it glass
- Sand destroys the teeth so Messiah will rule the earth
- From your own body will come an heir.
- Abram believed Vs 6
- God promised Abram a seed
- Abram believed God’s promise regarding the Seed
- The Seed is the Messiah
- therefore Abram believed in the messiah.
- Abram’s vision
- He rejoiced to see my day and he saw it and was glad. John 8: 56
- On the same day Vs 18 (or on that day)
- Hebrews 11: 13 Welcomed them from a distance.
- this day is the same wording used for Passover (We are 430 years before the children of Israel come out of Egypt).
- The line the torch followed is the connection between Abraham’s covenant and the new covenant spoken of by Jesus during the last supper.
- There was a deep darkness (children dying, but torch coming as it springs forth.)
- Names changed
- HA Shem put his name in the midst of their names
- Abram = AbraHAm
- Sarai = SarAH